However, as Craig L. Wilkins, a registered architect, teaches architecture and urban planning at the University of Michigan. In doing so, he reveals new possibilities for an architecture that acknowledges its current shortcomings and replies to the needs of multicultural constituencies. Craig L. Wilkins states that the discipline of architecture has a resistance to African Americans at every level, from the startlingly small number of architecture students to the paltry number of registered architects in the United States today.
Working to understand how ideologies are formed, and embedded in the built environment, transmitted, Wilkins deconstructs how the marginalization of African Americans is authorized within the field of architecture. He then outlines how activist forms of expression shape and sustain communities, fashioning an architectural theory around the site of environmental conflict constructed by hip-hop culture.
Dark Space: Architecture, Representation, Black IdentityColumbia Univ Graduate School. African american cultural institutions designed and constructed in recent years often rely on cultural stereotypes, and clichés to communicate significance, metaphors, demonstrating "Africanisms" through form and symbolism―but there is a far richer and more complex heritage to be explored.
Presented here is a series of questions that interrogate and illuminate other narratives of "African American architecture, " and reveal compelling ways of translating the philosophical idea of the African Diaspora's experience into space. This collection of essays by architect Mario Gooden investigates the construction of African American identity and representation through the medium of architecture.
These five texts move between history, theory, and criticism to explore a discourse of critical spatial practice engaged in the constant reshaping of the African Diaspora.
The Crisis of the African-American Architect: Conflicting Cultures of Architecture and Black PowerGeorge C. Mitchell calls for a bold and inclusive "New Black Urbanism. He sees the radical reform and "re-missioning" of the handful of accredited HBCU based architecture schools as a critical tool in refashioning a rapprochement between black architects and Black America. Fraser, author of race for success andsuccess runs in our race"mitchell believes that the entire future of blacks in the field of architecture is in jeopardy He then discusses the impact of the Harlem Renaissance on black architecture and the subsequent emergence of Howard University as the center of the black architectural universe.
. The journal of blacks in higher education" seminal " architecture magazinein this long overdue book, jazz, the crisis of the Negro Intellectual, Melvin Mitchell poses the question "why haven't black architects developed a Black Architecture that complements modernist black culture that is rooted in world-class blues, hip-hop music, and other black aesthetic forms?" His provocative thesis, inspired by Harold Cruse's landmark book, aimed at Black America and her allies, exposes the roots of an eighty-year-old estrangement between black architects and Black America.
Along the way he provides interesting details about the politics of downtown development in the Marion Barry era of Washington, DC. Columbia Univ Graduate School. Another missing piece of our rich history and profound contribution to western civilization. For history buffs please put this book on your must read list.
Spatializing Blackness: Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago New Black Studies SeriesSpatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. Over 277, 000 african americans migrated to Chicago between 1900 and 1940, an influx unsurpassed in any other northern city. A geographic study of race and gender, Spatializing Blackness casts light upon the ubiquitous--and ordinary--ways carceral power functions in places where African Americans live.
. In particular, he investigates how the ongoing carceral effort oriented and imbued black male bodies and gender performance from the Progressive Era to the present. Moving from the kitchenette to the prison cell, surveillance, and mining forgotten facts from sources as diverse as maps and memoirs, policing, urban planning, Rashad Shabazz explores the myriad architectures of confinement, and incarceration.
From the start, carceral powers literally and figuratively created a prison-like environment to contain these African Americans within the so-called Black Belt on the city's South Side. Columbia Univ Graduate School. The result is an essential interdisciplinary study that highlights the racialization of space, the politics of mobility under conditions of alleged freedom, the role of containment in subordinating African Americans, and the ways black men cope with--and resist--spacial containment.
A timely response to the massive upswing in carceral forms within society, why society aimed them against African Americans, Spatializing Blackness examines how these mechanisms came to exist, and the consequences for black communities and black masculinity both historically and today.
The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America13 illustrations Columbia Univ Graduate School. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. New york times bestseller • notable book of the year • editors' choice selection one of bill gates’ “amazing books” of the year one of publishers weekly’s 10 best books of the year longlisted for the National Book Award for Nonfiction An NPR Best Book of the Year Winner of the Hillman Prize for Nonfiction Gold Winner • California Book Award Nonfiction Finalist • Los Angeles Times Book Prize History Finalist • Brooklyn Public Library Literary PrizeThis “powerful and disturbing history” exposes how American governments deliberately imposed racial segregation on metropolitan areas nationwide New York Times Book Review.
Widely heralded as a “masterful” washington post and “essential” slate history of the modern American metropolis, state, Richard Rothstein’s The Color of Law offers “the most forceful argument ever published on how federal, and local governments gave rise to and reinforced neighborhood segregation” William Julius Wilson.
Exploding the myth of de facto segregation arising from private prejudice or the unintended consequences of economic forces, Rothstein describes how the American government systematically imposed residential segregation: with undisguised racial zoning; public housing that purposefully segregated previously mixed communities; subsidies for builders to create whites-only suburbs; tax exemptions for institutions that enforced segregation; and support for violent resistance to African Americans in white neighborhoods.
A groundbreaking, “virtually indispensable” study that has already transformed our understanding of twentieth-century urban history Chicago Daily Observer, The Color of Law forces us to face the obligation to remedy our unconstitutional past.
The 'Hood Comes First: Race, Space, and Place in Rap and Hip-Hop Music / CultureColumbia Univ Graduate School. Race, concluding with the construction of “the ‘hood, class and national identification are recast and revised within rap's spatial discourse, ” a social and geographic symbol that has become central to concepts of hip hop authenticity. The 'hood comes first looks at the increasingly specific emphasis on real neighborhoods and streets in rap music and hip hop culture as an urgent response to the cultural and geographical ghettoization of black urban communities.
Wesleyan. Additionally, the book analyzes the processes within the music and culture industries through which hip hop has been amplified and disseminated from the ‘hood to international audiences. Examining rap music, along with ancillary hip hop media including radio, " "inner-city, Murray Forman analyzes hip hop culture's varying articulations of the terms "ghetto, both real and imaginary, music videos, rap press and the cinematic ‘hood genre, " and "the 'hood, " and how these spaces, are used to define individual and collective identity.
Negotiating academic, and "street" discourses, Forman assesses the dynamics between race, corporate, social space and youth. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago.
W. E. B. Du Bois's Data Portraits: Visualizing Black AmericaThe colorful charts, graphs, and maps presented at the 1900 Paris Exposition by famed sociologist and black rights activist W. B. B. Wesleyan. E. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. As maria popova wrote, these data portraits shaped how "Du Bois himself thought about sociology, informing the ideas with which he set the world ablaze three years later in The Souls of Black Folk.
Columbia Univ Graduate School. Du bois offered a view into the lives of black Americans, conveying a literal and figurative representation of "the color line. From advances in education to the lingering effects of slavery, these prophetic infographics—beautiful in design and powerful in content— make visible a wide spectrum of black experience.
W. Du bois's data portraits collects the complete set of graphics in full color for the first time, making their insights and innovations available to a contemporary imagination. E.
Demonic Grounds: Black Women And The Cartographies Of StruggleCentral to mckittrick’s argument are the ways in which black women are not passive recipients of their surroundings and how a sense of place relates to the struggle against domination. Demonic grounds moves between past and present, archives and fiction, theory and everyday, to focus on places negotiated by black women during and after the transatlantic slave trade.
Analyzing diverse literatures and material geographies, McKittrick reveals how human geographies are a result of racialized connections, and how spaces that are fraught with limitation are underacknowledged but meaningful sites of political opposition. Katherine mckittrick is assistant professor of women’s studies at Queen’s University.
Iin a long overdue contribution to geography and social theory, Katherine McKittrick offers a new and powerful interpretation of black women’s geographic thought. Specifically, black canada and new france, the author addresses the geographic implications of slave auction blocks, Harriet Jacobs’s attic, as well as the conceptual spaces of feminism and Sylvia Wynter’s philosophies.
Ultimately, mckittrick argues, these complex black geographies are alterable and may provide the opportunity for social and cultural change. Wesleyan. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. Columbia Univ Graduate School.
In the Wake: On Blackness and BeingIn this original and trenchant work, visual, cinematic, Christina Sharpe interrogates literary, and quotidian representations of Black life that comprise what she calls the "orthography of the wake. Activating multiple registers of "wake"—the path behind a ship, keeping watch with the dead, coming to consciousness—Sharpe illustrates how Black lives are swept up and animated by the afterlives of slavery, and she delineates what survives despite such insistent violence and negation.
Duke University Press. Wesleyan. In the weather, sharpe situates anti-Blackness and white supremacy as the total climate that produces premature Black death as normative. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. Initiating and describing a theory and method of reading the metaphors and materiality of "the wake, " and "the weather, " Sharpe shows how the sign of the slave ship marks and haunts contemporary Black life in the diaspora and how the specter of the hold produces conditions of containment, " "the hold, and punishment, " "the ship, regulation, but also something in excess of them.
Formulating the wake and "wake work" as sites of artistic production, and possibility for living in diaspora, resistance, consciousness, In the Wake offers a way forward. Columbia Univ Graduate School.
Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of BlacknessSpatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. Duke university Press Books. She shows how contemporary surveillance technologies and practices are informed by the long history of racial formation and by the methods of policing black life under slavery, runaway slave notices, such as branding, and lantern laws.
Duke University Press. Placing surveillance studies into conversation with the archive of transatlantic slavery and its afterlife, literature, sociology, to contemporary art, Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon, Browne draws from black feminist theory, and The Book of Negroes, and cultural studies to analyze texts as diverse as the methods of surveilling blackness she discusses: from the design of the eighteenth-century slave ship Brooks, biometrics, and post-9/11 airport security practices.
Surveillance, and continues to be, so much so that the surveillance of blackness has long been, Browne asserts, and bodies around racial lines, borders, is both a discursive and material practice that reifies boundaries, a social and political norm. Columbia Univ Graduate School. Wesleyan. In dark matters simone browne locates the conditions of blackness as a key site through which surveillance is practiced, narrated, and resisted.
Negro Building: Black Americans in the World of Fairs and MuseumsPhilip randolph, Horace Cayton and Margaret Burroughs. Wells, A. Columbia Univ Graduate School. As the 2015 opening of the national Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, D. C. Approaches, the book reveals why the black cities of Chicago and Detroit became the sites of major black historical museums rather than the nation’s capital―until now.
Wesleyan. Washington, W. E. B. Mabel O. Spatializing blackness Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. Du bois, Ida B. Duke university Press Books. Focusing on black americans’ participation in world’s fairs, and early black grassroots museums, Emancipation expositions, Negro Building traces the evolution of black public history from the Civil War through the civil rights movement of the 1960s.
Wilson gives voice to the figures that conceived the curatorial content―Booker T. Duke University Press.